sexta-feira, 26 de fevereiro de 2010

Da Hiperactividade ao Síndrome de Aspergen

Para compreender uma criança temos de voltar ao país das memórias, reviver o que ficou para trás, habitar de novo medos de que nos esquecemos. Olhar com olhos de espanto, chamar filha a uma boneca, e replicar o milagre da criação dando-lhe voz. Para a compreender temos de voltar a pele do avesso, reduzir a dimensão do corpo na medida inversa em que cresce o sentimento. Cada criança é uma história por contar. Por vezes o Capuchinho Vermelho perde-se no bosque e não há beijo que resgate a Bela Adormecida. Para muitas crianças a sua história pode não terminar bem, e não viverem felizes para sempre. Este livro destina-se a essas crianças e a quem delas cuida: Pais, Professores, Psicólogos ou Médicos, que querem que todas as histórias tenham um final feliz, e não deixam o Espelho Mágico dizer a nenhuma criança que há alguém mais belo do que ela.

Devem existir em Portugal cerca de 100.000 crianças com perturbações de desenvolvimento.
Nuno Lobo Antunes (Mal-Entendidos - Verso da Kapa - 2009)
In Introdução

Famous historical people have been speculated to have been autistic by journalists, academics and autism professionals. Such speculation is controversial and little of it is undisputed. For example, several autism researchers speculate that Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart had autism and other conditions, while other researchers say there is not sufficient evidence to draw conclusions that he had any such conditions.
Einstein and Newton
It has been speculated that Isaac Newton had what is now considered Asperger syndrome.Albert Einstein (1879–1955) and Isaac Newton (1643–1727) may have had Asperger syndrome, but a definitive diagnosis is impossible as both scientists died before this condition came to be known.
Case for autism
Ioan James, Michael Fitzgerald, and Simon Baron-Cohen believe that Albert Einstein and Isaac Newton had personalities consistent with Asperger syndrome; Tony Attwood has also named Einstein as a likely case of mild autism.

Albert Einstein and Isaac Newton both experienced intense intellectual interests in specific limited areas. Both scientists had trouble reacting appropriately in social situations and had difficulty communicating. Both scientists sometimes became so involved with their work that they did not eat. Newton spoke little and was frequently lukewarm or bad-tempered with the few friends he had. If no one attended his lecture he still lectured to an empty room.When he was 50, Newton suffered a nervous breakdown involving depression and paranoia. After Newton's death however, his body was found to contain massive amounts of mercury, probably from his alchemical pursuits, which could have accounted for his eccentricity in later life.
It has been speculated that Albert Einstein was on what is now considered the autism spectrum. In her 1995 book In a World of His Own: A Storybook About Albert Einstein, author Illana Katz notes that Einstein "was a loner, solitary, suffered from major tantrums, had no friends and didn't like being in crowds".As an adult his lectures were confusing.

Case against autism
Oliver Sacks says that claims that Einstein or Newton had autism "seem very thin at best".Glen Elliott, a psychiatrist at the University of California at San Francisco, is unconvinced that either scientist had Asperger syndrome. "One can imagine geniuses who are socially inept and yet not remotely autistic. Impatience with the intellectual slowness of others, narcissism and passion for one's mission in life might combine to make such an individuals isolative and difficult."

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